|Country Name:||Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal|
|Government type:||secular federal parliamentary republic|
|Geographic coordinates:||28.3949N, 84.1240E|
|Area:||147,181 sq. km|
|Population:||28.61 million (2019)|
|Ethnic groups:||16.6% Chhetri, 12.2% Bahun, 7.1% Magar, 6.6% Tharu, 5.8% Tamang, 5% Newar, 4.4% Musalman, 4% Yadav, 2.3% Rai, 2% Gurung, 1.5% Limbu, 21.93% Others (source 2011 National Census)|
|Religions:||Hindu 90% Buddhist 25% (in reality, some overlap of Hinduism and Buddhism) Islamic 2%|
|Local time:||UTC+5.45 (plus five hours and 45 minutes) / 5 hours, 45 min. ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. (GMT+5.45)|
|Currency of Nepal:||Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
|Exchange rates:||100 Nepalese Rupee per US dollar - 0.83793 (2021),
100 Nepalese Rupee per Euro - 0.70328 (2021),
for todays update check Currency Converter
|Local Current:||220-volts, power cuts are frequent. Not much electricity in the rural areas still. Best to have your own plug adaptor in the city, and solar chargers in the rural areas are very helpful!|
|Drives on the||left|
The 5 main languages that you will have the opportunity to listen to during your adventure in Nepal are Newar, Sherpa, Tamang, Tharu and Nepalese. If the “Nameste” tells you something, it is because you are beginning to speak Nepali.
Nepali is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Himalayas region of South Asia. It is the official, and most widely spoken. There are over 17 million Nepali speakers in the world, in countries including Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Brunei and India. Literacy rates are significantly different between men and women in Nepal, especially in the north.
Climate / Weather
Nepal, because of its high mountains, and tropical lowlands, has all range of weather patterns. The Himalayas themselves actually create their own weather; they are so high. The tropical Terai bordering India sees very hot weather most of the year, and the high mountain areas suffer very cold winters.
Nepal is subject to the monsson seasons with four main seasons and is categorized into six distinct climate periods: Basanta (spring), Grishma (early summer), Barkha (summer monsoon), Sharad (early autumn), Hemanta (late autumn) and Shishir (winter)
Climate change, global warming and
THE GREENHOUSE effect refer to the same global environmental climate changes
Kathmandu, at an elevation of 1.350 meter has a very clement conditions year-riound, as does Pokhara at 882 meter. And the rule is "the higher you go, the colder it gets" at any time of the year.
As with most of Asia, Nepal has three season, the Hot from April to June, the Wet from July to September and the Dry from October to March . The best trekking season are the sprin and fall, March, April and October, November and December. Nepal is be a year round destination, far less tourists in the off season, and not much weather problems, maybe a sweater in the winter months, and an umbrella in the summer monsson months is all that is required in the Kathmadu and Pokhara Valleys.