The unified Kingdom of Thailand was established in the mid-14th century, known as Siam until 1939, and is situated in the heart of Southeast Asia with Bangkok as the capital city. Thailand is divided into four natural regions: the north with mountains and forests, vast rice fields in the Central plain, northeast with its semi-arid farm lands and the south with its tropical islands and long coastline to the south. Thailand at a glance takes in a rich diversity of cultures and traditions.
|Geographic coordinates:||28.3949N, 84.1240E|
|Area:||147,181 sq. km|
|Population:||28.61 million (2019)|
|Religions:||Hindu 90% Buddhist 25% (in reality, some overlap of Hinduism and Buddhism) Islamic 2%|
|Local time:||UTC+5.45 (plus five hours and 45 minutes) / 5 hours, 45 min. ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. (GMT+5.45)|
|Currency of Nepal:||Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
|Exchange rates:||100 Nepalese Rupee per US dollar - 0.83793 (2021),
100 Nepalese Rupee per Euro - 0.70328 (2021),
for todays update check Currency Converter
|Local Current:||220-volts, power cuts are frequent. Not much electricity in the rural areas still. Best to have your own plug adaptor in the city, and solar chargers in the rural areas are very helpful!|
|Drives on the||left|
Climate / Weather
Nepal, because of its high mountains, and tropical lowlands, has all range of weather patterns. The Himalayas themselves actually create their own weather; they are so high. The tropical Terai bordering India sees very hot weather most of the year, and the high mountain areas suffer very cold winters.
Nepal is subject to the monsson seasons like the rest of the India subcontinent.
Climate change, global warming and
THE GREENHOUSE effect refer to the same global environmental climate changes
Kathmandu, at an elevation of 1.350 meter has a very clement conditions year-riound, as does Pokhara at 882 meter. And the rule is "the higher you go, the colder it gets" at any time of the year.
As with most of Asia, Nepal has three season, the Hot from April to June, the Wet from July to September and the Dry from October to March . The best trekking season are the sprin and fall, March, April and October, November and December. Nepal is be a year round destination, far less tourists in the off season, and not much weather problems, maybe a sweater in the winter months, and an umbrella in the summer monsson months is all that is required in the Kathmadu and Pokhara Valleys.